Archive for CERITA PENDEK dan DONGENG_(majalah BOBO)

Si Kelingking

Belitung yang dulu dikenal dengan Billiton adalah nama sebuah pulau di Provinsi Bangka Belitung, Indonesia. Pulau yang terletak di bagian timur Sumatra ini terbagi menjadi dua kabupaten, yaitu Kabupaten Belitung dan Belitung Timur. Di pulau ini beredar sebuah cerita rakyat tentang sepasang suami-istri yang hendak membunuh anaknya. Berbagai cara telah mereka lakukan untuk membunuh anaknya, namun tidak pernah berhasil. Mengapa sepasang suami-istri itu hendak membunuh anaknya? Kisahnya dapat  Anda simak dalam cerita Si Kelingking berikut ini.

* * *

Alkisah, di sebuah desa di Pulau Belitung, hiduplah sepasang suami-istri yang miskin. Walaupun hidup miskin, mereka tetap rukun dan bahagia. Namun, kebahagiaan itu terasa belum lengkap, karena mereka belum mempunyai anak. Untuk itu, setiap malam kedua orang suami-istri itu senantiasa berdoa kepada Tuhan agar dikaruniai seorang anak.

“Ya, Tuhan! Karuniakanlah kami seorang anak, walaupun sebesar kelingking!”

Rupanya doa mereka dikabulkan oleh Tuhan Yang Mahakuasa. Tidak beberapa lama kemudian sang Istri hamil. Sepasang suami-istri itu sangat senang, karena tidak lama lagi akan mendapatkan seorang anak yang selama ini mereka dambakan.

Beberapa bulan kemudian, sang Istri pun melahirkan. Namun, mereka sangat terkejut ketika melihat bayi yang keluar dari rahim sang Istri hanya sebesar kelingking.

“Bang! Kenapa anak kita kecil sekali, Bang?” tanya sang Istri sedih.

Mendengar pertanyaan istrinya, sang Suami hanya diam. Ia seakan-akan tidak percaya apa yang sedang mereka alami. Akhirnya, sang Suami teringat dengan doa yang sering mereka ucapkan.

“Dik! Ingatkah doa kita selama ini? Bukankah kita selalu berdoa agar diberikan anak walaupun sebesar kelingking?” tanya sang Suami mengingatkan istrinya.

“Ooo, iya. Rupanya Tuhan mengabulkan doa kita sesuai dengan permintaan kita,” kata sang Istri.

Bayi itu pun mereka pelihara dengan sebaik-baiknya. Waktu terus berjalan hingga anak itu berusia enam tahun. Namun, badan anak itu tetap sebesar kelingking. Oleh karena itu, mereka memberinya nama Si Kelingking.

Mulanya, sepasang suami-istri itu sayang kepada Si Kelingking. Tetapi, ada suatu hal yang membuat mereka risau, yakni walaupun badannya kecil, Si Kelingking banyak sekali makannya. Sekali makan, ia dapat menghabiskan secanting[1] nasi, bahkan terkadang masih kurang. Setiap hari suami-istri itu selalu bingung, karena penghasilan yang mereka peroleh hanya cukup untuk dimakan oleh Si Kelingking sendiri. Oleh karena sudah tidak kuat lagi menghidupi Si Kelingking, kedua suami-istri itu bersepakat hendak menyingkirkannya dari kehidupan mereka.

“Bang! Bagaimana caranya kita menyingkirkan Si Kelingking?” tanya sang Istri bingung.

“Abang punya cara,” jawab sang Suami.

“Apa itu, Bang?” tanya sang Istri penasaran.

“Besok pagi, aku akan mengajaknya ke hutan,” jawab sang Suami.

“Ke hutan? Untuk apa, Bang?” tanya sang Istri tambah bingung.

“Aku akan membuangnya di tengah hutan,” jawab sang Suami.

Sang Istri pun setuju. Keesokan harinya, sang Ayah mengajak Si Kelingking ke hutan untuk mencari kayu. Setibanya di tengah hutan, sang Ayah segera menebang pohon besar.

“Kelingking! Kamu berdiri di situ saja! Ayah akan menebang pohon ini!” seru sang Ayah.

“Baik, Ayah!” jawab Si Kelingking menuruti perintah ayahnya.

Namun, tanpa disadari oleh Si Kelingking, ayahnya menebang pohon itu diarahkan kepadanya. Sang Ayah sengaja melakukan hal itu, agar pohon itu menimpanya. Beberapa saat kemudian, pohon besar itu pun roboh menimpa Si Kelingking. Melihat hal itu, sang Ayah bukannya sedih, melainkan gembira.

“Matilah kau kerdil! Ha… ha… ha…!” seru sang Ayah sambil tertawa terbahak-bahak, lalu mendekati pohon besar itu.

Setelah memastikan dan yakin anaknya mati, sang Ayah segera kembali ke rumahnya untuk menceritakan kejadian itu kepada istrinya. Mendengar cerita suaminya, sang Istri pun menjadi senang.

“Bang! Mulai hari ini, hidup kita akan jadi tenang,” kata sang Istri kepada suaminya.

Namun, menjelang siang hari, tiba-tiba terdengar suara teriakan dari luar rumah.

“Ayah…! Ayah….! Diletakkan di mana kayu ini?”

“Bang! Sepertinya itu suara Kelingking. Bukankah anak itu sudah mati?” tanya sang Istri heran.

“Ayo, kita keluar melihatnya!” seru sang Suami penasaran.

Kedua suami-istri sangat terkejut saat melihat Si Kelingking sedang memikul sebuah pohon besar di pundaknya.

“Ayah! Diletakkan di mana kayu ini?” tanya Si Kelingking.

“Letakkan di situ saja!” perintah ayahnya.

Setelah meletakkan kayu itu, Si Kelingking langsung masuk ke dalam rumah mencari makanan. Oleh karena merasa kelaparan usai memikul pohon besar, ia pun menghabiskan secanting nasi  yang sudah dimasak ibunya. Sementara ayah dan ibunya hanya duduk bengong melihat anaknya, dan tidak tahu apa yang harus mereka perbuat.

Sejak Si Kelingking kembali ke rumah, kehidupan mereka semakin susah. Semakin hari Si Kelingking semakin banyak makannya. Tidak cukup jika hanya makan secanting nasi. Melihat keadaan itu, sepasang suami-istri itu kembali berunding untuk mencari cara menyingkirkan Si Kelingking dari kehidupan mereka.

“Bang! Apa lagi yang harus kita lakukan?” tanya sang Istri bingung.

“Besok Abang akan mengajaknya pergi ke gunung untuk mengambil batu,” jawab sang Suami sambil tersenyum.

“Tenang, Dik! Recanaku ini pasti akan berhasil,” tambah sang Suami dengan penuh keyakinan.

Keesokan harinya, sang Ayah mengajak Si Kelingking ke gunung untuk mengambil batu. Sesampainya di kaki gunung, sang ayah berhenti.

“Kelingking! Ayah akan naik ke atas gunung hendak mendongkel batu-batu itu. Kamu tunggu di sini saja sambil menghadang dan mengumpulkan batu-batu itu,” perintah sang Ayah.

“Baik, Ayah!” jawab Si Kelingking.

Setelah itu, sang Ayah mendaki gunung itu sambil membawa sebatang kayu untuk digunakan mendongkel batu. Pada awalnya, ia hanya mendongkel batu-batu kecil, lalu batu yang agak besar, dan kemudian batu yang lebih besar lagi. Pada saat mendongkel batu besar itu, ia sengaja mengarahkannya kepada Si Kelingking. Batu itu pun menindih Si Kelingking. Melihat hal itu, sang Ayah segera turun dari gunung dan menghampiri Si Kelingking yang tertindih batu.

“Kelingking! Kelingking! Kelingking!” seru sang Ayah memanggil anaknya.

Beberapa kali ia memanggil anaknya, namun tidak mendapat jawaban. Ia yakin bahwa Si Kelingking telah mati. Dengan perasaan gembira, ia pun segera kembali ke rumah dan menceritakan kejadian itu kepada istrinya. Namun, sang Istri tidak langsung percaya dengan cerita itu.

“Apakah Abang yakin jika anak itu benar-benar sudah mati?” tanya sang Istri dengan perasaan ragu-ragu.

“Iya, Dik! Abang berhasil menindihnya dengan batu besar,” jawab sang Suami.

“Ya, syukurlah kalau begitu. Hidup kita akan benar-benar jadi tenang kembali,” kata sang Istri dengan perasaan lega.

Namun, ketika menjelang sore, tanpa mereka duga sebelumnya, tiba-tiba terdengar lagi suara dari luar rumah.

“Ayah…! Ayah…! Diletakkan di mana batu ini?” tanya suara itu.

“Letakkan di situ!” jawab Ayah Si Kelingking tanpa sadar.

Suami-istri itu tersentak kaget saat keluar dari rumah. Mereka melihat Si Kelingking sedang meletakkan sebuah batu besar. Setelah itu, seperti biasanya, Si Kelingking langsung masuk ke rumah untuk mencari makanan, karena kelaparan.

Akhirnya, kedua orang suami-istri itu merasa kasihan kepada anak mereka, Si Kelingking. Mereka pun menyadari bahwa walau bagaimana pun Si Kelingking lahir karena permintaan mereka sendiri. Sejak saat itu, mereka tidak pernah lagi berniat untuk membunuhnya. Mereka telah menerima kembali Si Kelingking sebagai anggota keluarga. Sementara Si Kelingking yang memiliki kekuatan lebih dari orang-orang biasa semakin rajin membantu ayahnya bekerja. Bahkan, semua pekerjaan yang berat-berat dia yang melakukannya, sehingga pekerjaan ayahnya menjadi lebih ringan dan kebutuhan hidup mereka dapat terpenuhi.

* * *

Demikian cerita Si Kelingking dari Provinsi Bangka-Belitung, Indonesia. Cerita di atas termasuk ke dalam kategori dongeng yang mengandung pesan-pesan moral.  Setidaknya ada dua pesan moral yang dapat dipetik dari cerita di atas, yaitu: pertama, menjauhi sifat suka memandang rendah orang lain. Sifat ini digambarkan oleh perilaku ayah dan ibu Si Kelingking. Mereka hanya melihat bentuk fisik dan kerakusan anak mereka, sehingga mereka berniat membuangnya. Namun, di luar dugaan mereka bahwa meskipun badannya kecil, ternyata Si Kelingking memiliki kekuatan yang luar biasa yang tidak dimiliki oleh orang lain. Menyadari hal itu, mereka pun menjadi sayang kepada Si Kelingking. Dari sini dapat dipetik sebuah pelajaran bahwa jika membenci seseorang janganlah berlebihan, karena bisa jadi rasa benci itu berubah menjadi rasa sayang.

Kedua, ajal manusia ada di tangan Tuhan. Hal ini dapat dilihat pada cerita di atas bahwa walaupun ayah dan ibu Si Kelingking beberapa kali mencoba ingin membunuhnya, namun tidak pernah berhasil. Dari sini dapat dipetik sebuah pelajaran bahwa hidup dan mati seseorang hanya Tuhan yang menentukan. Bagaimana pun kerasnya usaha seseorang untuk menghilangkan nyawa orang lain, jika Tuhan belum menghendaki, maka seseorang tidak akan mati.

Leave a comment »

English version_The Crocodile Pirate

It was said that in the riverbank of the Tulang Bawang River, Lampung Province, there was a man who was cursed with a crocodile. The crocodile was known as a very vicious; hence a number of people walking by the river would certainly be gone, no traces, no path at all. One day, a little girl named Aminah was passing by in the river. She was washing her clothes in the river, alone. But, there was something wrong; she was gone. No one knew where she was at the time. All the surrounding settlers tried to find Aminah. They traced the area around the river but they were failed. So, where was Aminah? Let`s do we seek for her in the story about the Crocodile Pirate. Here this! *** Once upon a time in a place that is now known as the province of Lampung, there was a wild crocodile living in the Tulang Bawang River. It was not a common crocodile as it was a man named Somad who was cursed with a crocodile. A number of vessels crossing the river would certainly be hijacked by the crocodile. It was, forasmuch as, known as “the crocodile pirate.” Every single fisherman sailing across the river could have be prey for the crocodile. Not only vessels as well as fishermen, many ordinary people were gone when they were getting around in the river either for washing clothes or taking a bath. Until one day, such tragedies happened afresh. For this time, it was Aminah, a beautifully little girl who was gone unknown when she was washing her clothes in the river. The girl was gone leaving neither trace nor sign. Many local inhabitants helped Aminah`s family to find her. They carefully ferreted out the last known location where she might be there at the time. It had been long time they tried to find her, but all works were failure. They gave up, hence stopped seeking for her. At the same time, Aminah was actually in a cave. She was lying on the ground insensible. “Mom, Dad, where am I?” Aminah mumbled unconsciously. With her remaining energy, Aminah tried to wake up, but she was shock to know that she was in a cave. When she looked at the surrounding, she got more curious to know where she was. The cave was quite bright as the glittering lights of jewelleries inside the cave. There were gold bullion, diamonds, and beautiful dresses within. “Oh my ghost! How enormous these jewelleries! Who has these all?” Aminah asked herself. All of sudden, she heard male voice from the innermost part of the cave. “Hi little girl, don`t worry. These are gonna be yours,” the voice said. Piecemeal, the voice was getting closer to Aminah. How shocked she was to know the voice came out from a crocodile. “Wh…wh…who are you? How come you speak with me as if you were a man? Aminah questioned. “Calm down little girl! It`s true I am physically a crocodile, but actually I`m a man as well as you. You can see me as a man when the full moon,” the crocodile answered. “So how come you become like this?” Aminah was curious. “Someone cursed me with a crocodile as I was very wicked to all people at the time. Oh, my name is Somad. People call me a “savvy hijacker” of the Tulang Bawang River. I do hijack almost all vessels sailing over the river and I save the goods here. No one knows that I am here due to this day,” the crocodile said. “How do you cope with foods and daily needs?” “Well, I sell the few and buy some foods when full moon. So far none of them knows I am the crocodile pirate. Likewise, they don`t know that I have already made this tunnel connecting the cave to the village,” Out of his ken, the crocodile had just recently told everything to Aminah. Knowing such a condition, Aminah tried to remember every single word coming out of the crocodile so that she could use the information. Also, from using the information she wished she could escape away from the cave. “Oh..what`s your name little girl?” the crocodile asked. “I am Aminah. I live in a village in the upper course of the Tulang Bawang River,” Aminah answered. “May I ask you something Somad?” She added. “Go ahead,” the crocodile let her ask him. “Would you tell me the reason why you seize me? Why don`t you eat me as other people who were gone when they were getting around the river? Aminah quizzed. “I bring you here not because I want to eat you. I love you and I want you to be my partner of life here, forever. Would you be my wife?” the crocodile proposed her for marriage. Aminah was shocked and speechless to hear such a question. She was quiet for a moment, while thinking for the best answer. “So…sorry I cannot be with you. It`s impossible thing. My parents will certainly look for me as they are very missing me right now, I`m sure of it,” Aminah answered. “If you wanna live with me here, I will give you these jewelleries, even more I promise. But, if you won`t, let me eat you to forget you,” the crocodile`s threat. She stopped for a moment. She was thinking for another way to escape from the crocodile. “Alright! I wanna be with you here,” Aminah pretended. Aminah had no choice, thus she accepted the proposal. It was aimed at drawing the wool over eyes so that one day, she could run away from the cave. She put jewelleries on her body. On her hands, her heads, and her foots were full of gold, diamond, and elegant dress. Days were gone until one day the crocodile was taking a nap quietly. Fortune seemed really to come to Aminah at the time as the cave`s door was opened. She tiptoed over to the door and escaped away. She did not care of both the crocodile and the jewelleries anymore. The most important thing was how to run as far as away from the crocodile. Finally, Aminah could find the way out from the cave. She saw a light, thus she was really certain that it would be the exit. She kept walking stealthily; while some times she took a look back, ensuring that the situation was safe. She was so happy to know that she was getting closer to the way out. At a glance she saw the spread of green forest outside the cave. “Thanks God, I`m safe. Now I have to run away from this place, before he knows that I have just successfully escape from him,” Aminah mumbled while keeping run. When she had reached a forest, Aminah took a hide amidst the trees. Then, she met a man who was looking for rattan in the forest. “Hi, honey! Who are you? You look in a rush. Are you worrying something? And why are you here alone? Just let me know,” the man asked. “I am Aminah Sir. I`ve just escaped away from the crocodile pirate`s hide-out, over there. I am running away go home through the forest then I meet you here,” Aminah told the man. “Ow..! So you`ve just met the crocodile pirate, haven`t you? Why don`t the crocodile pirate swallow you? Would you tell me more?” the man was shocked to know that Aminah had ever met the crocodile pirate, and she was safe. Since then, Aminah told many things about her experience to be kidnapped by the crocodile pirate. She asked the man to accompany her back home. Soon after arriving home, she gave the elegant dress and jewelleries to the man as gratitude. Lastly, Aminah was safe until she got back home. All people were happy to know that news. She told everything to the local inhabitants, including her parents. Since that time, many things were done to prevent the crocodile pirate`s attacks. The local inhabitants started gradually being careful of washing their clothes in the river. In a short, the crocodile could be arrested. Many people wanted the crocodile to be killed, but the crocodile promised that he would never hunt and hijack anymore. Hence, the situation was normal; they could live in tranquil, no longer in threat from the crocodile pirate. *** Here is the story about the crocodile pirate that is originally from the province of Lampung. It is a fairy tale that bears several moralistic values. At least there are two important messages that can be drawn from the above story: 1. Do not give up very ease. This is a must-have habit to all people over the globe. Many sufferings come to us at all times, so just don`t easily surrender to the fate. Such a habit is shown by the figure of Aminah. She could escape away from the crocodile pirate as she was very patient to face and hear the crocodile`s wish to marry her. As she did not give up and was patiently following the play offered by the crocodile, she could find a great moment to run away from the cave, and she was safe. 2. Hijacking is not allowed. This is universally admitted that any type of hijack is not allowed. It is the figure of Somad who actively hijacked and pirated all vessels crossing over the river. Consequently, he was cursed with a crocodile and alienated from social intercourse. He lived in a cave with no partner during the remaining of his life. Amongst the Malay people, there is a principle that evil deed is strictly forbidden. Just taking a look on Tunjuk Ajar Melayu, it is clearly stated that such a habit performed by Somad is not allowed, as what the pantun below says: Siapa mengambil hak milik orang Tuhan murka orang pun perang It means that one grabs other`s properties, thus God gets angry and people will stay away from him/her. So, do not ever seize other people`s rights and properties

Leave a comment »

Buaya Perompak

Buaya Perompak adalah seekor buaya jadi-jadian yang dulu pernah menghuni Sungai Tulang Bawang, Provinsi Lampung, Indonesia. Buaya jadi-jadian ini terkenal sangat ganas. Konon, sudah banyak manusia yang menjadi korban keganasan buaya itu. Pada suatu hari, seorang gadis rupawan yang bernama Aminah tiba-tiba hilang saat sedang mencuci di tepi Sungai Tulang Bawang. Benarkah Buaya itu yang menculik Aminah? Lalu bagaimana dengan nasib Aminah selanjutnya? Ikuti kisahnya dalam cerita Buaya Perompak berikut ini!

* * *

Alkisah, Sungai Tulang Bawang sangat terkenal dengan keganasan buayanya. Setiap nelayan yang melewati sungai itu harus selalu berhati-hati. Begitupula penduduk yang sering mandi dan mencuci di tepi sungai itu. Menurut cerita, sudah banyak manusia yang hilang begitu saja tanpa meninggalkan jejak sama sekali.

Pada suatu hari, kejadian yang mengerikan itu terulang kembali. Seorang gadis cantik yang bernama Aminah tiba-tiba hilang saat sedang mencuci di tepi sungai itu. Anehnya, walaupun warga sudah berhari-hari mencarinya dengan menyusuri tepi sungai, tapi tidak juga menemukannya. Gadis itu hilang tanpa meninggalkan jejak sedikit pun. Sepertinya ia sirna bagaikan ditelan bumi. Warga pun berhenti melakukan pencarian, karena menganggap bahwa Aminah telah mati dimakan buaya.

Sementara itu, di sebuah tempat di dasar sungai tampak seorang gadis tergolek lemas. Ia adalah si Aminah. Ia baru saja tersadar dari pingsannya.

“Ayah, Ibu, aku ada di mana? gumam Aminah setengah sadar memanggil kedua orangtuanya.

Dengan sekuat tenaga, Aminah bangkit dari tidurnya. Betapa terkejutnya ia ketika menyadari bahwa dirinya berada dalam sebuah gua. Yang lebih mengejutkannya lagi, ketika ia melihat dinding-dinding gua itu dipenuhi oleh harta benda yang tak ternilai harganya. Ada permata, emas, intan, maupun pakaian indah-indah yang memancarkan sinar berkilauan diterpa cahaya obor yang menempel di dinding-dinding gua.

“Wah, sungguh banyak perhiasan di tempat ini. Tapi, milik siapa ya?” tanya Aminah dalam hati.

Baru saja Aminah mengungkapkan rasa kagumnya, tiba-tiba terdengar sebuah suara lelaki menggema.

“Hai, Gadis rupawan! Tidak usah takut. Benda-benda ini adalah milikku.”

Alangkah terkejutnya Aminah, tak jauh dari tempatnya duduk terlihat samar-samar seekor buaya besar merangkak di sudut gua.

“Anda siapa? Wujud anda buaya, tapi kenapa bisa berbicara seperti manusia?” tanya Aminah dengan perasaan takut.

“Tenang, Gadis cantik! Wujudku memang buaya, tapi sebenarnya aku adalah manusia seperti kamu. Wujudku dapat berubah menjadi manusia ketika purnama tiba.,” kata Buaya itu.

“Kenapa wujudmu berubah menjadi buaya?” tanya Aminah ingin tahu.

“Dulu, aku terkena kutukan karena perbuatanku yang sangat jahat. Namaku dulu adalah Somad, perampok ulung di Sungai Tulang Bawang. Aku selalu merampas harta benda setiap saudagar yang berlayar di sungai ini. Semua hasil rampokanku kusimpan dalam gua ini,” jelas Buaya itu.

“Lalu, bagaimana jika Anda lapar? Dari mana Anda memperoleh makanan?” tanya Aminah.

“Kalau aku butuh makanan, harta itu aku jual sedikit di pasar desa di tepi Sungai Tulang Bawang saat bulan purnama tiba. Tidak seorang penduduk pun yang tahu bahwa aku adalah buaya jadi-jadian. Mereka juga tidak tahu kalau aku telah membangun terowongan di balik gua ini. Terowongan itu menghubungkan gua ini dengan desa tersebut,” ungkap Buaya itu.

Tanpa disadarinya, Buaya Perompak itu telah membuka rahasia gua tempat kediamannya. Hal itu tidak disia-siakan oleh Aminah. Secara seksama, ia telah menyimak dan selalu akan mengingat semua keterangan yang berharga itu, agar suatu saat kelak ia bisa melarikan diri dari gua itu.

“Hai, Gadis Cantik! Siapa namamu?” tanya Buaya itu.

“Namaku Aminah. Aku tinggal di sebuah dusun di tepi Sungai Tulang Bawang,” jawab Aminah.

“Wahai, Buaya! Bolehkah aku bertanya kepadamu?” tanya Aminah

“Ada apa gerangan, Aminah? Katakanlah!” jawab Buaya itu.

“Mengapa Anda menculikku dan tidak memakanku sekalian?” tanya Aminah heran.

“Ketahuilah, Aminah! Aku membawamu ke tempat ini dan tidak memangsamu, karena aku suka kepadamu. Kamu adalah gadis cantik nan rupawan dan lemah lembut. Maukah Engkau tinggal bersamaku di dalam gua ini?” tanya Buaya itu.

Mendengar pertanyaan buaya itu, Aminah jadi gugup. Sejenak, ia terdiam dan termenung.

“Ma… maaf, Buaya! Aku tidak bisa tinggal bersamamu. Orangtuaku pasti akan mencariku,” jawab Aminah menolak.

Agar Aminah mau tinggal bersamanya, buaya itu berjanji akan memberinya hadiah perhiasan.

“Jika Engkau bersedia tinggal bersamaku, aku akan memberikan semua harta benda yang ada di dalam gua ini. Akan tetapi, jika kamu menolak, maka aku akan memangsamu,” ancam Buaya itu.

Aminah terkejut mendengar ancaman Buaya itu. Namun, hal itu tidak membuatnya putus asa. Sejenak ia berpikir mencari jalan agar dirinya bisa selamat dari terkaman Buaya itu.

“Baiklah, Buaya! Aku bersedia untuk tinggal bersamamu di sini,” jawab Aminah setuju.

Rupanya, Aminah menerima permintaan Buaya itu agar terhindar dari acamana Buaya itu, di samping sambil menunggu waktu yang tepat agar bisa melarikan diri dari gua itu.

Akhirnya, Aminah pun tinggal bersama Buaya Perompak itu di dalam gua. Setiap hari Buaya itu memberinya perhiasan yang indah dan mewah. Tubuhnya yang molek ditutupi oleh pakaian yang terbuat dari kain sutra. Tangan dan lehernya dipenuhi oleh perhiasan emas yang berpermata intan.

Pada suatu hari, Buaya Perompak itu sedikit lengah. Ia tertidur pulas dan meninggalkan pintu gua dalam keadaan terbuka. Melihat keadaan itu, Aminah pun tidak ingin menyia-nyiakan kesempatan.

“Wah, ini kesempatan baik untuk keluar dari sini,” kata Aminah dalam hati.

Untungnya Aminah sempat merekam dalam pikirannya tentang cerita Buaya itu bahwa ada sebuah terowongan yang menghubungkan gua itu dengan sebuah desa di tepi Sungai Tulang Bawang. Dengan sangat hati-hati, Aminah pun keluar sambil berjingkat-jingkat. Ia sudah tidak sempat berpikir untuk membawa harta benda milik sang Buaya, kecuali pakaian dan perhiasan yang masih melekat di tubuhnya.

Setelah beberapa saat mencari, Aminah pun menemukan sebuah terowongan yang sempit di balik gua itu dan segera menelusurinya. Tidak lama kemudian, tak jauh dari depannya terlihat sinar matahari memancar masuk ke dalam terowongan. Hal itu menandakan bahwa sebentar lagi ia akan sampai di mulut terowongan. Dengan perasaan was-was, ia terus menelusuri terowongan itu dan sesekali menoleh ke belakang, karena khawatir Buaya Perompak itu terbangun dan membututinya. Ketika ia sampai di mulut terowongan, terlihatlah di depannya sebuah hutan lebat. Alangkah senangnya hati Aminah, karena selamat dari ancaman Buaya Perompak itu.

“Terima kasih Tuhan, aku telah selamat dari ancaman Buaya Perompak itu,” Aminah berucap syukur.

Setelah itu, Aminah segera menyusuri hutan yang lebat itu. Setelah beberapa jauh berjalan, ia bertemu dengan seorang penduduk desa yang sedang mencari rotan.

“Hai, Anak Gadis! Kamu siapa? Kenapa berada di tengah hutan ini seorang diri?” tanya penduduk desa itu.

“Aku Aminah, Tuan!” jawab Aminah.

Setelah itu, Aminah pun menceritakan semua peristiwa yang dialaminya hingga ia berada di hutan itu. Oleh karena merasa iba, penduduk desa itu pun mengantar Aminah pulang ke kampung halamannya. Sesampai di rumahnya, Aminah pun memberikan penduduk desa itu hadiah sebagian perhiasan yang melekat di tubuhnya sebagai ucapan terima kasih.

Akhirnya, Aminah pun selamat kembali ke kampung halamannya. Seluruh penduduk di kampungnya menyambutnya dengan gembira. Ia pun menceritakan semua kejadian yang telah menimpanya kepada kedua orangtuanya dan seluruh warga di kampungnya. Sejak itu, warga pun semakin berhati-hati untuk mandi dan mencuci di tepi Sungai Tulang Bawang.

* * *

Demikian cerita Buaya Perompak dari darah Tulang Bawang, Lampung, Indonesia. Cerita di atas termasuk kategori dongeng yang mengandung pesan-pesan moral yang dapat dijadikan pedoman dalam kehidupan sehari-hari. Setidaknya ada dua pesan moral yang dapat dipetik dari cerita di atas yaitu, keutamaan sifat tidak mudah putus asa dan keburukan sifat suka merampas hak milik orang lain.

Pertama, keutamaan sifat tidak mudah putus asa. Sifat ini ditunjukkan oleh sikap dan perilaku Aminah yang tidak mudah putus asa menghadapi ancaman Buaya Perompak. Dengan kecerdikannya, ia pun berhasil mengelabui Buaya Perompak itu dan berhasil menyelamatkan diri. Dari hal ini dapat dipetik sebuah pelajaran bahwa sifat tidak mudah putus asa dapat melahirkan pikiran-pikiran yang jernih.

Kedua, keburukan sifat suka merampas hak milik orang lain. Sifat ini ditunjukkan oleh sikap dan perilaku Somad (perompak) yang senantiasa merampas harta benda setiap penduduk yang melewati Sungai Tulang Bawang. Akibat perbuatan jahatnya tersebut, ia pun terkena kutukan menjadi seekor buaya. Dalam kehidupan orang Melayu, merampas hak milik orang lain merupakan perbuatan keji dan sangat dipantangkan. Dikatakan dalam tunjuk ajar Melayu:

siapa merampas hak milik orang,
azabnya keras bukan kepalang

siapa mengambil hak milik orang,
Tuhan murka orang pun perang

Leave a comment »

Si Bungsu

Si Bungsu adalah seorang gadis yang cerdik dan suka menolong antar-sesama. Untuk itu, ia sangat disayangi oleh keenam kakaknya. Namun, kasih sayang keenam kakaknya itu tiba-tiba berubah menjadi benci kepadanya dan berniat untuk mencelakainya. Suatu hari, ketika si Bungsu sedang mencuci pakaian di tepi sungai, keenam kakaknya mendorongnya ke sungai hingga hanyut terbawa arus dan ditelan oleh seekor ikan besar. Mengapa keenam kakaknya tiba-tiba membenci si Bungsu? Lalu, bagaimana nasib si Bungsu selanjutnya? Kisah selengkapnya dapat Anda ikuti dalam cerita Si Bungsu berikut ini.

* * *

Alkisah, di sebuah perkampungan di daerah Lampung, Indonesia, hiduplah sepasang suami-istri bersama dengan tujuh putrinya. Untuk menghidupi keluarganya, sang Ayah mencari kayu bakar di hutan dan menjualnya ke pasar. Namun, hasil yang diperoleh tidak cukup untuk mereka makan bersama. Mereka tidak pernah makan sampai kenyang. Agar bisa makan kenyang tanpa diganggu oleh anak-anaknya, sang Ayah dan sang Ibu sering menyisihkan makanan untuk mereka makan pada malam harinya, di saat ketujuh putrinya sedang tertidur lelap.

Pada suatu malam, sang Ayah dan sang Ibu sedang asyik menikmati makan malam berdua. Tanpa disadarinya, si Bungsu terbangun dan melihat mereka sedang makan. Si Bungsu pun segera membangunkan kakaknya yang sedang tertidur pulas.

“Kakak-kakak…!” ucap si Bungsu dengan pelan.

Keenam kakaknya pun terbangun. Saat melihat kedua orang tuanya makan, mereka pun ikut makan, sehingga membuat kedua orang tua mereka tidak kenyang. Hal itu membuat mereka kesal dan berniat untuk membuang ketujuh putrinya.

Pada suatu malam, sepasang suami-istri itu bermusyawarah untuk membuang ketujuh putrinya ke hutan yang jauh dari perkampungan. Namun, lagi-lagi si Bungsu terbangun dan mengetahui rencana mereka. Secara diam-diam, si Bungsu pun menyiapkan buah kemiri yang banyak untuk menandai jalan yang akan mereka tempuh saat menuju ke tengah hutan, sehingga ia bersama kakaknya dapat mengetahui jalan pulang ke rumah.

Keesokan harinya, sang Ayah dan sang Ibu mengajak ketujuh putrinya ke hutan dengan alasan untuk membantu mereka mencari kayu bakar. Setibanya di hutan, diam-diam sang Ayah meminta kawanan kera agar menyahut jika anak-anaknya memanggilnya, dan kepada kawanan burung pagut agar mematuk-matuk pohon agar anak-anak mereka mengira ayah dan ibunya masih berada di dalam hutan. Ketika ketujuh bersaudara itu sedang asyik mengumpulkan kayu bakar, sang Ayah mengajak istrinya untuk meninggalkan mereka secara diam-diam.

“Istriku! Ayo kita tinggal hutan ini selagi mereka sibuk mengumpulkan kayu bakar,” bisik sang Ayah ke istrinya.

Akhirnya, mereka meninggalkan hutan itu tanpa sepengetahuan ketujuh putrinya. Beberapa saat kemudian, terdengarlah suara ketujuh putrinya memanggil.

“Ayah… Ibu…! Kalian di mana?” teriak ketujuh anak itu serentak.

Mendengar teriakan itu, kawanan kera pun menyahut dan burung pugut mematuk-matuk pohon. Ketujuh anak itu pun kembali melanjutkan pekerjaannya, karena mengira ayah dan ibu mereka masih berada di hutan itu. Kawanan kera dan burung pagut tersebut terus menyahut dan mematuk pohon. Lama-kelamaan mereka pun kesal dan capek. Ketika ketujuh anak itu kembali berteriak memanggil kedua orang tua meraka, kawanan kera dan burung pagut tersebut hanya diam. Pada saat itulah, ketujuh anak tersebut menyadari bahwa kedua orang tua mereka telah pergi meninggalkan mereka. Anak yang sulung pun bingung, karena tidak mengetahui jalan pulang ke rumah.

“Adik-adikku! Apakah di antara kalian ada yang masih ingat jalan untuk pulang ke rumah?” tanya si Sulung.

“Saya, Kak!” sahut si Bungsu dengan sigap.

“Bagaimana mungkin kamu bisa mengingat jalan pulang, Bungsu? Bukankah hutan ini sangat lebat?” tanya si Sulung.

“Tenang, Kak! Adik sudah menandai jalan dari rumah sampai ke hutan ini dengan kemiri. Kita tinggal mengikuti arah kemiri yang bertebaran di jalan yang telah kita lalui,” ujar si Bungsu.

“Wah… kamu memang cerdas, Adikku!” puji si Sulung sambil tersenyum.

Ketujuh anak itu pun menyusuri jalan yang telah ditandai dengan kemiri oleh si Bungsu. Akhirnya, mereka pun sampai di rumah. Ketika masuk ke rumah, mereka mendapati kedua orang tua mereka sedang makan. Tanpa diajak, mereka segera ikut makan, sehingga kedua orang tuanya kembali merasa tidak kenyang. Sang Ayah dan sang Ibu pun bertambah kesal. Kehadiran ketujuh putrinya tersebut benar-benar membuat mereka resah.

Beberapa hari kemudian, pasangan suami-istri itu kembali berencana untuk membuang ketujuh putrinya ke tengah hutan. Namun, rencana mereka kembali diketahui oleh putri bungsunya. Ketika mereka berangkat ke hutan, si Bungsu membawa biji jagung untuk menandai jalan yang mereka lalui. Sesampainya di hutan, seperti biasanya kawanan kera menyahut-nyahut dan burung pagut mematuk-matuk pohon, dan pada saat itulah sang Ayah dan sang Ibu meninggalkan anak-anaknya.

Ketika ketujuh bersaudara itu kembali berteriak memanggil kedua orang tuanya, kawanan kera dan burung pagut tersebut hanya diam. Akhirnya, ketujuh anak itu sadar bahwa orang tua mereka telah meninggalkan mereka. Namun sial bagi ketujuh anak tersebut, mereka tidak mengetahui jalan pulang ke rumah, karena biji jagung yang telah ditebar oleh si Bungsu di jalan habis dimakan burung. Akhirnya mereka pun tersesat di tengah hutan.

Ketujuh anak bersaudara tersebut berjalan mengikuti ke mana arah kaki mereka melangkah. Setelah beberapa lama berjalan, mereka pun sampai di sebuah ladang yang dihuni oleh dua raksasa suami-istri. Saat itu, mereka melihat kedua raksasa itu sedang mandi di sungai yang terletak di pinggir ladang.

“Hai, tampaknya raksasa itu jahat. Mereka pasti akan memangsa kita jika melihat kita ada di sini,” kata si Sulung.

“Apa yang harus kita lakukan?” tanya anak yang kedua.

“Tenang, Kak! Adik punya cara untuk menaklukkan raksasa itu,” sahut si Bungsu.

“Bagaimana caranya, Bungsu?” tanya si Sulung.

‘Adik akan membuat air sungai itu menjadi gatal dengan kolang-kaling, sehingga tubuh kedua raksasa itu akan terasa gatal-gatal. Ketika itu, mereka pasti akan berlari ke gubuknya. Tapi sebelumnya, kalian harus melepas tali gubuk itu dan membuat perapian di bawahnya. Nah, ketika kedua rakasa itu  menaiki gubuk itu, mereka pasti akan jatuh ke dalam api,” jelas si Bungsu.

Setelah mendengar petunjuk si Bungsu, keenam kakaknya itu segera melepas tali gubuk itu dan membuat perapian di bawahnya. Setelah mereka selesai menjalankan tugas, si Bungsu segera mengambil kolang-kaling lalu menggosok-gosokkannya di hulu sungai. Tak berapa lama kemudian, kedua raksasa yang sedang asyik mandi tersebut tiba-tiba merasakan tubuhnya gatal-gatal. Karena tidak tahan menahan rasa gatal, mereka pun berlari menuju ke gubuknya. Tak ayal lagi, ketika menaiki gubuknya, mereka pun terjatuh ke dalam perapian hingga tewas.

Akhirnya, ketujuh anak bersaudara itu pun memutuskan untuk tinggal di daerah itu. Mereka membuat tujuh gubuk dan membagi ladang milik raksasa itu menjadi tujuh bagian. Mereka menanam padi dan bunga-bunga yang harum baunya di ladang masing-masing. Saat tanaman bunga mereka berbunga, ladang mereka kerap didatangi oleh kenui (sejenis burung elang yang berbadan besar). Burung itu ingin membuat sarang dan bertelur di ladang mereka. Dari ketujuh bersaudara tersebut, hanya si Bungsu yang mengizinkan burung itu bersarang di ladang bunganya. Mendapat izin dari si Bungsu, kenui pun segera membuat sarang. Setelah bertelur, burung kenui itu pergi dan tidak pernah kembali lagi.

Pada suatu hari, sepulang dari ladangnya, si Bungsu melihat asap mengepul di dalam gubuknya. Alangkah terkejutnya ia ketika masuk ke dalam gubuknya. Ia melihat seorang pemuda tampan sedang menanak nasi untuknya.

“Maaf, Tuan! Anda siapa dan berasal dari mana?” tanya si Bungsu.

Pemuda itu pun menceritakan asal-usulnya bahwa dirinya keluar dari telur kenui. Akhirnya, mereka pun berkenalan dan saling menyukai. Beberapa bulan kemudian, mereka menikah dan hidup bahagia. Rupanya, pernikahan si Bungsu dengan pemuda itu membuat keenam saudaranya iri dan berniat untuk mencelakai adiknya.

Pada suatu hari, ketika si Bungsu sedang mencuci pakaian di tepi sungai, keenam saudaranya mendorongnya ke sungai. Si Bungsu pun hanyut terbawa arus dan kemudian ditelan oleh seekor ikan besar. Karena kekenyangan, ikan besar itu beristirahat di tepi sungai. Pada saat itu, seorang nenek yang sedang mandi di tepi sungai melihatnya. Tanpa berpikir panjang, sang Nenek pun segera mengambil goloknya dan menghujamkannya ke tubuh ikan itu. Sungguh ajaib, goloknya tidak dapat melukainya. Karena kesal, sang Nenek pun beristirahat di bawah sebuah pohon sambil berpikir mencari cara agar bisa menangkap ikan itu. Saat sedang asyik beristirahat, tiba-tiba ia mendengar seekor burung bernyanyi.

Bolidang bolidangi pabeli iwa balak,” demikian nyanyian burung itu.

Mulanya, sang Nenek tidak mengerti arti syair lagu yang dinyanyikan burung itu. Setelah menyimak secara seksama, akhirnya ia pun mengerti bahwa untuk memotong ikan itu harus menggunakan daun belidang. Tanpa berpikir panjang, sang Nenek segera mengambil daun belidang yang banyak terdapat di tepi sungai. Dengan daun belidang itu, ia pun berhasil memotong-motong daging ikan itu. Betapa terkejutnya ia ketika melihat seorang gadis cantik yang masih hidup keluar dari tubuh ikan itu.

“Hai, Gadis cantik! Kamu siapa dan kenapa bisa berada di perut ikan ini?” tanya nenek itu heran.

Si Bungsu pun menceritakan semua peristiwa yang dialaminya hingga ia bisa berada dalam perut ikan itu. Sang Nenek sangat terharu mendengar cerita si Bungsu. Karena iba, sang Nenek pun menjadikan si Bungsu sebagai anak angkatnya. Sejak itu, si Bungsu tinggal bersama nenek itu.

Sementara itu di tempat lain, suami si Bungsu kebingungan mencari istrinya. Ia sudah menanyai keenam saudara istrinya, namun tak seorang pun yang mau memberitahukan keberadaan istrinya. Akhirnya, ia memutuskan untuk pergi mencari istrinya dengan menyusuri tepi sungai. Setelah berbulan-bulan berjalan, akhirnya ia menemukan sebuah gubuk di tepi sungai. Ia pun menghampiri gubuk itu untuk menanyakan keberadaan istrinya kepada si pemilik gubuk.

“Permisi, apakah ada orang di dalam?” teriak suami si Bungsu dari luar gubuk.

Tak berapa lama kemudian, tampaklah seorang nenek sedang membuka pintu. Setelah pintu terbuka, nenek itu bertanya kepadanya.

“Ada yang bisa Nenek bantu, Anak Muda?” tanya nenek itu.

Suami si Bungsu pun menceritakan tentang pengembaraannya mencari istrinya yang hilang. Si Bungsu yang mendengar cerita itu dari dalam gubuk menitikkan air mata, karena terharu melihat kesetiaan suaminya. Nenek itu kemudian memberitahu kepada laki-laki itu bahwa di dalam gubuknya ada seorang wanita cantik yang ditemukan dari perut ikan besar beberapa bulan yang lalu.

“Anak Muda! Nenek mempunyai seorang wanita cantik di dalam gubuk ini. Cobalah lihat, barangkali dialah istrimu yang kamu cari itu!” ujar nenek itu.

Sang Nenek pun memanggil si Bungsu agar keluar dari gubuk. Alangkah terkejut dan bahagianya laki-laki itu saat melihat wanita yang keluar dari gubuk itu adalah istrinya. Tanpa ragu-ragu, ia pun segera memeluk istrinya, dan si Bungsu pun membalas pelukan suaminya dengan erat. Sesaat, suasana di gubuk itu menjadi hening. Tak terasa, air mata si Nenek pun bercucuran karena terharu melihat anak angkatnya bisa bertemu kembali dengan suaminya. Begitu pula suami si Bungsu, ia sangat bahagia karena telah menemukan kembali istrinya. Sebelum membawa pulang istrinya, suami si Bungsu tidak lupa berterima kasih kepada si Nenek, karena telah menyelamatkan nyawa istrinya.

“Terima kasih, Nek! Nenek telah merawat istriku dengan baik,” ucap suami si Bungsu.

Setelah itu, sepasang suami-istri itu berpamitan kepada si Nenek. Sesampainya mereka di gubuk, keenam kakaknya datang meminta maaf kepada si Bungsu. Si Bungsu memaafkan mereka, karena sejak awal ia tidak pernah merasa dendam, meskipun keenam kakaknya telah mencelakainya. Sejak itu, si Bungsu hidup berbahagia bersama suaminya dan hidup rukun bersama keenam kakaknya.

* * *

Demikian cerita Si Bungsu dari daerah Lampung, Indonesia. Cerita yang berbentuk dongeng di atas memberi pelajaran kepada kita bahwa orang yang suka menolong, akan senantiasa mendapat pertolongan dari Tuhan. Hal ini ditunjukkan oleh perilaku si Bungsu yang telah menolong burung kenui dengan mengizinkannya bersarang dan bertelur di ladang bunganya. Karena sifat penolongnya itu, Tuhan pun memberinya seorang suami yang tampan dan setia. Selain itu, ketika si Bungsu hanyut di sungai dan ditelan oleh ikan besar, pertolongan Tuhan pun datang kepadanya melalui seorang nenek. Dikatakan dalam tunjuk ajar Melayu:

wahai ananda dengarlah manat,
tulus dan ikhlas jadikan
azimat
berkorban menolong sesama umat
semoga hidupmu beroleh berkah

Pelajaran lain yang dapat dipetik dari cerita di atas adalah bahwa sifat pemaaf dapat menjaga kerukunan dan menjauhkan munculnya bibit permusuhan antar-sesama. Hal ini tampak pada sikap si Bungsu yang dengan rendah hati dan ikhlas mau memaafkan keenam kakaknya yang telah mengianiayanya. Dikatakan dalam tunjuk ajar Melayu:

wahai ananda permata intan,
jangan ragu memaafkan orang
sengketa habis dendam dibuang
hati pemurah dikasihi orang

Leave a comment »

English Version_The Legend of Mambang Linau Princess

Riau is one of provinces in Indonesia located in Sumatra Island. It is well known for the cultural heritages which become the icon for the Riau society. There are various kinds of arts developed in it, some of which are dance, music, carving, weaving, painting, martial art, and theater. Amidst those arts, the dance is believed to be a leading folklore. It is a combination of different movements. Each region has unique movements displayed in its traditional dance. Some movements even are based on different tales, stories and legends. Olang-olang, the traditional dance of Riau which is still alive to now, also keeps an interesting story. The dance is particularly popular amongst Malayans in Bengkalis district, Riau (Sakai-Malay). The local people believe that the Olang-olang dance was created for a story about a young man who met and then felt in love with a beautiful woman who was an expert at dance. Nevertheless, their love ended in separation as the woman contravened the prohibition that they made. What kind of prohibition did they make? How was the story of their tragic love? Follow their story on the legend of Mambang Linau Princess below. *** Once upon a time, in Bengkalis lived a young man. He was usually called among his friends Bujang Enok. The young man`s parents had died years ago. He was alone with no brothers, nor relatives. Living in poor, he always made a living by searching for the firewood in the jungle nearby his village. Those firewood were brought and sold in a market. Occasionally, he changed those with rice or vegetables for eating. Being in such condition, nevertheless, did not make him a stingy person. Instead, he was a generous man who always shared his belongings with the persons in need. One day, Bujang Enok was walking through the jungle in searching for the firewood as usual. Unexpectedly, a serpent slithered, came close and stopped just before him. “Ssssssss……Ssssss….”, hissed the serpent, flicking its tongue out of its mouth. Afraid of its venomous spittle, Bujang Enok tried to drive it way nicely, but the serpent remained on the street blocking his way. Then, Bujang Enok walked to another side, leaving the serpent on the street. However, all of sudden, the serpent bit him aggressively which made Bujang Enok whipped it by semambu (a stick made of rattan), the heirloom which was inherited by his father. In a strike, the snake coiled itself around and soon died. After making sure of that the serpent no longer made a move, he rushed to bury the deadly serpent. Afterwards, he continued his work, walking to the jungle and cut down some trees and collected some firewood at sufficiently. During his work, he overheard a soft sound of woman coming from a far place. He tried to trace its source and finally he could find where it came from. “Oh….it comes from that direction, near the downstream. It is the voices of women talking”, mumbled Bujang Enok. Busy with his work, Bujang Enok ignored those voices and continued searching for another firewood. Nevertheless, he still could hear what they were talking about. “The poisonous serpent has died”, explained a woman to the other. “Thanks God, it wouldn`t bother us anymore”, said the other woman. In the afternoon, Bujang Enok went back to his hut bringing the collected firewood. As he entered to his kitchen, he was surprised since some foods, cooked rice, and vegetables were already there, on the table. Being hungry after a long day working, Bujang Enok ate all the foods hungrily. When he was eating, came across his mind about who would serve all these kinds of food. “My mother has died, so has my father. Neither my brother or my sister will do all these. My neighbors are so far from here, it is impossible they came across and put those on my table. So, who is this kind person preparing for me all of this” thought Bujang Enok, trying to guess. His mind was flooded by a lot of queries. Then, he intended to figure out who was the person. Forced by his curiosity at the person who had entered his house, in the next morning, he planned to not go to the jungle. One day long he awaited the person, hiding behind bushes nearby his hut. In the middle of the day, suddenly seven came women from the direction of downstream. Those were as beautiful as fairies. They came in throng, bringing different dish services on their head, and entering the Bujang Enok`s house. The seven beautiful ladies worn shawls of different colors. Out of seven, the woman with a bright red shawl was the most attractive. “Amazing, what a beautiful lady who wears that shawl, the bright red shawl”, mumbled Bujang Enok, watching those ladies until they all walked into his house and disappeared from his sight. Soon after, the seven ladies came out from Bujang Enok`s hut, walked through the jungle to the direction of upstream. In a slow step, Bujang Enok trailed after them to the bank of the River, and hid again behind the trees. From there, he saw the seven ladies taking their clothes and shawls off. The ladies hanged their clothes on the small branch of a big tree. They took bath cheerfully, unnoticing the presence of Bujang Enok who stood not far from the river. While they made noises by their voices, Bujang Enok took the time for stealing the bright red shawl. Using a small stick, he tried to reach the shawl, hooked the end of stick to the shawl, and pulled it slowly. Then, he hid the shawl within his cloth and backed to hide behind the tree. After taking bath, the seven ladies went up to the edge of river and took their clothes on. Each lady took her shawl hanging on the branch. Unfortunately, a lady could not find her shawl. “Where is my shawl, I still remember that I hanged it on that branch”, asked the lady while looking for her lost shawl. The other helped her in searching for the shawl around the river, but their attempts were in vain. They couldn`t find it until the day became darker. Then, the six ladies danced altogether and flied to the sky, leaving another one alone in the bank. Bujang Enok couldn`t believe what he saw. “is it true they are flying, how come a human fly to the sky?”, asked Bujang Enok to himself, wrinkling his forehead. After a while, Bujang Enok exited from his hiding place and approached the women who was still looking for her lost stuff . “Hey beautiful woman, what on earth are you looking for?”, accosted Bujang Enok. “Sir, if you figure out whereabout my lost shawl, please let me know it!”, answered the lady with her lower voice. Bujang Enok nodded his head and said “it is my pleasure to have this shawl back to whom it belongs to”, while showing her shawl. “But I have personal request. It is a condition. I will give it to you, and in return, you should marry me”, Bujang Enok explained. “Yes, I agree with that. I will be your wife. But I have a personal request as well. You should keep promise that if I should dance sometimes it means we will separate”, replied the lady clearly. “Ok, I agree with that. By the way, My name is Bujang Enok”, said Bujang Enak, introducing himself. “My name is Mambang Linau”, replied the lady spontaneously. Since then, both lived happily and harmoniously as a couple. After Bujang Enok got married with Mambang Linau, he was increasingly famous for his generosity to the other people. His popularity was heard by the King who ruled Bengkalis. The King invited Bujang Enok to a feast conducted by the King. When Bujang Enok came to the palace, the King asked him to be a Batin (Village leader) in Petalangan village. “My Majesty, it is an honor for me, invited by Your Majesty. If it is possible, I am wondering why I am invited here?”, asked Bujang Enok, kneeling in front of the King. “Bujang Enok, would you be a Batin in Petalangan village?”, asked the King quickly. “I am sorry Your Majesty, if it is your order, it will be my pleasure to follow your order”, answered Bujang Enok happily, while paying him a respect. His acceptance to the proposal made the King happy. Days after the meeting, Bujang Enok was installed formally as a Batin of Petalangan village. Since the installation, Bujang Enok became a King`s trusty. Every feasts and ceremonies held, the King always sent a messenger to invite him coming the party. One day, a big party was arranged by the King. In the party, the main welcoming art was the dance performed by all ladies of Kingdom, wives of official kingdoms, judges, and trusties, including wife of Bujang Enok, Mambang Linau. After the party was commenced, one by one, the wives were asked to show their talent at dancing. Mambang Linau who took part started becoming restless. “If I dance now, it means a divorce. Something that I don`t want”, said Mambang Linau to herself. Soon after his mumbling, “Now, it is the time for Mambang Linau to dance”, said the King, accompanied by the applause from the spectators and the presents. Hearing the order from the King, her heart palpitated quickly. Bujang Enok who sat just behind her whispered her, “My dear Mambang Linau, Kakanda[1] respects much the order from the King”. Mambang Linau understood what her husband meant exactly. “For the royal word of the King, and thankful expression to God, I am pleasure to dance”, replied Mambang Linau. Then, she took his bright red shawl on and went to the stage. Before she started dancing, Mambang Linau performed opening movements to follow the Kingdom manner and to pay respect for the King who stood before the stage. Then, she danced in a rhythm, flapping her shawl like an eagle. Slowly, she raised her food and suddenly coiled her body, drifted in the air and flied to the sky. Since then, she never came back to Bujang Enok. The presents was agape with what happened in the palace. The king asked Bujang Enok, and he explained what had already happened. The King felt sorry to Bujang Enok and he understood well that Bujang Enok put the King as priority than his own personal life. For that, the King awarded him an honor and installed him as Penghulu in the palace. From the scene, there is a pantun (Malayan Quatrain) said Ambillah seulas si buah limau Coba cicipi di ujung-ujung sekali Sudahlah pergi si Mambang Linau Hamba sendiri menjunjung duli After the happening, the King issued a royal word to respect the sacrifice of Bujang Enok. Every year, a tribute dance is held in the palace. The dance narrates the story of Mambang Linau when she met Bujang Enok and left him. The movements of dance is very much similar to that of eagle`s movement when flying (Elang Belegar). Thus, the dance is named elang-elang dance. The dance performance is usually accompanied with some musical instruments such as gendang gubano (drum), rebab, calempong, and gong. The dance is very popular in Siak and Merbau, Bengkalis district, Riau province, Indonesia.

Leave a comment »

English Version_The Seventh Princess-The Origin of Dumai

Dumai was a fishermen village located in eastern coastal area of recent Riau Province, Indonesia. However, after the discovering of natural resources, now Dumai becomes a petroleum region visited by many traders. Since 1999, Dumai has become a busy harbor to which many oil tankers and vessels anchor every day. The mushroom of oil mills makes Dumai as a never-slept region. Besides its wealth on natural resources, Dumai is a rich country with various traditions. There are two main traditions developed amidst Dumai society namely the oral and written tradition. One of the popular oral traditions is the folklore which is told and inherited across generations. Until recently, Dumai still stores great deal of folklores. Those are kept and be a credit to the Dumai society. Besides, those folklores always hide significant moral meanings, thus being an alternative means for society to pass moral teaching, educate certain values and even to entertain the children. One of which is the legend of the seventh princess. The major plot of the legend is about the origin of Dumai.

***

Once upon a time, in Dumai, there was a prosperous Kingdom named Seri Bungan Tanjung. It was ruled by a beautiful Queen whose name was Cik Sima. She had seven good-looking daughters. Out of seven, the youngest daughter, Mayang Sari, was the most beautiful. The Princess Mayang Sari had an ideal body shape, the flawless skin as silk, the angelic face as a full moon, the red moist lip, thick eyebrow, and the straight long hair as mayang. Therefore, she was mostly known as Mayang terurai. In short, her beauty enchanted all taking a look at her.

One day, the seven princesses took bath in Sarang Umai pool, making joke and remaining in the water for long time. While doing so, they were noticed by some guys. Those were Prince Empang and his guardsmen who were passing by the pool. They peeped at the seven princesses through shady bushes nearby the pool. The prince was amazed of seeing those beautiful ladies, but his eyes could not stoop watching the most beautiful, Princess Mayang Sari. “Gadis cantik di lubuk Umai….cantik di Umai. Ya, ya…..d`umai…d`umai….”. (Beautiful lady in Umai pool, beauty in Umai in Umai…..ya..in Umai…in Umai) mumbled Prince Empang Kuala. Seemingly, the prince felt in love with Mayang Sari. He set his heart upon marrying her.

Few days later, the Prince Empang Kuala sent an envoy to the Seri Bungan Tanjung Kindom for proposing the beautiful Princess (the youngest). Bringing tepak sirih (betel leaves box[1]), the envoy delivered the message of Prince Empang Kuala. In a lavish Kingdom ritual, the proposal was welcomed splendidly by Queen Cik Sima Queen. As a reply to the Prince, Queen Cik Sima put gambier and areca nut in the biggest combol (box) among seven combol in the tepak sirih.  While the other combol were left empty. This tradition was to show that she approved of the proposal. However, instead of the younger, it should be addressed to the oldest.

Knowing that the proposal was rejected, the envoy rode his horses back to his Kingdom in despair. There, he explained about the proposal which was rejected by the Queen. “I am sorry your Majesty, I don`t mean to disappoint you. The Kingdom of Seri Bunga Tanjung rejected your intention to ask Mayang Mengurai Princess in marriage”, explained the envoy while kneeling. Feeling embarrassed, the Prince was up in arms. Steered by his anger, the Prince ordered his Commander and soldiers to attack Seri Bunga Tanjung Kingdom. All soldiers were armed to the teeth. Then, the fierce war between them was unavoidable to happen.

During the war, Queen Cik Sima ordered his commander to take her seven daughters to the jungle, hide them in a hole covered by trees. As their food supply, the Queen asked her to bring some food for three months supply. Three months passed, the war still broke out. In the next month, the Queen was cornered and her warriors decreased in number. Therefore, the Kingdom was completely destroyed. Many died during the war. Seeing the ruins of her Palace, She put her arm on help from a genie of Hulu Sungai Umai Hill.

In a dark night, the troops of Prince Empang Kuala took some rest in downstream of Umai. They took shelter under bakau trees. A terrible incident took place to the troops. Without any preparation, the troops were attacked by thousands of bakau fruits, stabbing their heart. Less than half night, all troops of Empang Kuala were terminated. The prince was in a dead loss. In such condition, the envoy of Queen Cik Sima came to the Prince Empang Kuala.

Seeing the envoy, the Prince said “Hey people of Seri Bunga Tanjung, What brought you here?”. “I come here to deliver a message from Queen Cik Sima. It is an order for you to put an end to this prolonged war, it has brought the suffer and sorrow for the people who don`t understand the real problem. This war has contaminated the seashore of Seri Bunga Tanjung with thousands of sinless souls. Anyone came to this Kingdom with good deed, peace and luck will accompany him. On the contrary, those who came to this Kingdom with bad intention, suffer and sorrow always be on him” explained the messenger. Being startled with the words, the Prince realized what had been done toward the people, the suffer he brought to the sinless people. All resulted from his arrogance. “I shouldn`t have waged this war, I had started the war, and I must end it”, talked the Prince to himself. Thus, he ordered the remained troops to back to the Kingdom.

In the next morning, Queen Cik Sima rushed for walking to the jungle where all her daughters hid. Unfortunately, he was shocked after finding that all had died. They died of thirsty and hunger. They were lack of food, as the supply covered only three months while the war broke out more than four months.

Unable to bear the sorrow upon her seven daughters, Queen Cik Sima ailed for years and finally passed away. Till now, the immolation of seven princesses is still maintained in a lyric:

Umbut mari mayang diumbut
Mari diumbut di rumpun buluh
Jemput mari dayang dijemput
Mari dijemput turun bertujuh

Ketujuhnya berkain serong
Ketujuhnya bersubang gading
Ketujuhnya bersanggul sendeng
Ketujuhnya memakai pending

Since then, the Dumai society believed that name “Dumai” is rooted to a word “d`umai” that was once said repeatedly by Prince Empang Kuala when seeing the beauty of Princess Mayang Sari or Mayang Mengurai. In Dumai, one can also find resting place of seven princesses that located in the complex of Pertamina Dumai corporation. Besides, there are several places and factories whose names related to the legend such as Putri Tujuh Factory (Oil factory belongs to Pertamina Corporation), Bukit Jin (name of hill where the Queen asked for help from a genie). There is a special lyric as well which is composed to accompany the Pulau dance and Asyik Mayang. It is performed by tabib (a magical doctor) to heal the sick.

Leave a comment »

English Version_Princess Pinang Masak (Putri Pinang Masak)

One of the riches owned by Indonesia is the variety of its tribes. In Riau, there is a tribe which is known as Talang Mamak. According to some scholars, the tribe is included in Old Malay or Proto Malay which is indigenous tribe of Indragiri namely “Tuha Tribe”, which means the first tribe who have ever come. They spread out in four sub-districts, Batang Gansal, Cenaku, Kelayang, and Rengat Barat of Indragiri Hulu district. Old Malay or Proto Malay is a group of people who came from Asia Continent, particularly from Yunan area which is included in South China. It is thought that they came to Sumatra island for about 400 years BC.

Besides in Riau, Talang Mamak Tribe also lives in Jambi province, particularly in Semarantihan, Suo-Suo village, Sumai sub district, Tebo district. However, which is known as indigenous tribe of Jambi is Kubu Tribe, well known as Anak Dalam Tribe or Orang Rimba community. According to some scholars, this tribe is included in Old Malay or Proto Malay. Generally, they live in three different areas: National Park Bukit Tiga Puluh (north area of Jambi), National Park Bukit Dua Belas, and along cross roads of Sumatra (south area of Jambi province). They still live traditionally, nomadic from one forest to other forest in Jambi province and they earn living by hunting and gathering.

In addition, the origin of Talang Mamak Tribe in Riau and Kubu Tribe in Jambi can be known from myths or stories that spread out in the region. There are several different stories about the origin of Talang Mamak Tribe and Kubu Tribe. One of the stories that is well-known is the folklore of Putri Pinang Masak. Once upon the time, in Indragiri lived seven pairs of twins. The seven sons became brave young men while the seven daughters became beautiful girls. Out of seven, there was the most beautiful princess, namely Putri Pinang Masak. One day, Putri Pinang Masak suddenly disappeared. Where`s she gone? Who had kidnapped her? Did the seven princesses succeed to find her? If you want to know the answer, let read the complete story of Puri Pinang Masak, as follow:

* * *

In the past days, there was a story in Simbul country, Siberida, Indragiri Riau. In that country, there were seven pairs of twins. The oldest were Syam Marudum Sakti and Putri Pinang Masak, Buyung Selamat and Putri Mayang Mengurai, Sampurago and Subang Bagelan, Tonggak de Tonang and Putri Pandan Bajelo, Sapu Jagat and Putri Loyang Bunga Emas, Roger and Putri Setanggi, and the youngest were Tuntun and Putri Bungsu.

Those seven sons became brave young men whereas their twin daughters became beautiful girls. Out of those seven young men, Roger was the bravest while out of the seven girls, Putri Pinang Masak was the most beautiful.

One day, all people were shocked since Putri Pinang Masak suddenly disappeared. Her seven brothers were busy looking for her everywhere but they could not find her. The Brave Roger went to anywhere then he met Datuk Motah. From the Datuk, he got news that his sister Putri Pinang Masak was run away and married to King Dewa Sikaraba Daik by The King of Telni Talanai from Jambi.

After hearing the news and knowing where his sister was, Roger told the news to his brothers and sisters. Then they gathered and held discussion. “Hi, my brother Roger, we all know that amongst us, you are the strongest and the bravest, so only you who can escort Putri Pinang Masak in Jambi,” said Marudum Sakti. “You are right my brother! We agree to Marudum Sakti`s opinion,” added Tuntun, the youngest brother. “Yes, we all agree,” answers the others. Finally, Roger was sent to pick up Putri Pinang Masak peacefully.

One day later, Roger left for Jambi alone. Jambi country was hardly guarded since there was a dispute between King Telni Telanai and the Dutch colonialism. After negotiating with the palace`s guards, Roger was permitted to meet King Telni Telanai.

“O, Young man! Who are you and where are you from?” asked King Telni.

“Have mercy, your Majesty! I am Roger and from Indragiri,“ answered Roger without telling the king that he was the brother of Putri Pinang Masak.

“What is your reason to come here?” asked King Telni.

“Have mercy your Majesty!. If you do not mind, please let me help you to chase out the collonialists from this country,” asked Roger to King Telni.

King Telni accepted him happily while saying, ”All right, Roger! You may stay at this palace.”

Since that time, Roger lived in the Palace of Jambi. Putri Pinang Masak had known about the presence of her brother but she did not tell anyone about their relationship.

To test his bravery, King Telni often sent him to sweep robbers in Jambi waters. Because of his power, Roger always succeeded so he was appointed as the commander of the country. Not for a long time, Roger was permitted to go to the battle against the Dutch.

At night before leaving for the battle, Putri Pinang Masak silently met her brother and gave him a cindai shawl as heirloom. Because of the Cindai and his divine power, Roger succeeded to chase away the Dutch troops. All people of Jambi welcomed him as a hero. Because of his merits to the kingdom, King Telni Telana gave him title “Datuk” and appointed him “Dubalang Utama”. Now, the complete title of Roger is “Datuk Dubalang Utama Roger”.

As time went by, King Talni Telana started to get ill. Finally, he gave the power to his son, King Dewa Sikaraba Daik. However, since the kingdom was in King Dewa Sikaraba Daik`s hands, the peace and harmony in the kingdom decreased. Many rebellions happened in palace. That situation was used by the Dutch to force that young King.

After had been persuaded and forced by the commanders who became the spy of the Dutch, the weak King Dewa Sikaraba Daik signed a peace agreement with the Dutch. Datuk Roger was being captured. With hands tied, Datuk Roger was brought into the ship that would be sunk in the middle of the ocean.

However, when he would come into the ship, suddenly a mysterious tragedy happened. With the power of Allah, Roger suddenly disappeared without any signs. For a long time he had never shown so that the Dutch thought that he had already died.

After the leaving of Roger, The Dutch attacked the Jambi Kingdom. There were so many troops of King Dewa Sikaraba Daik who died. Some of them were increasingly pushed and cornered by the Dutch. In the crisis time, suddenly Roger came out. He asked the permission from King Sikaraba Daik to handle the enemy. With his power, Roger and his troops succeeded to chase the Dutch away. The traitors were being captured and killed. The Kingdom Jambi then became a safe and peace place to live. King Dewa Sikaraba Daik was able to rule people of Jambi wisely.

Looking at the safe condition in Jambi, Datuk Roger intended to go back to Indragiri. He met  King Dewa Sikaraba Daik.

”Have mercy, your Majesty! It is the time for me to go home. If you need me, call me in Siambul village in Hulu Batang Gangsal, Siberida, Indragiri,” said Datuk Roger.

Knowing that his brother would go back to Indragiri, Putri Pinang Masak immediately sit with the knees bent and folded in front of his husband, King Dewa Sikaraba Daik, “Forgive me, your majesty! Actually, I am the sister of Datuk Roger. Let me go home to Indragiri with him. I will immediately come back to this palace to give birth.” King Dewa Sikaraba Daik shocked to hear Putri Pinang Masak`s words. “Is that true, Datuk Roger?” asked the king with curiosity. “that`s true, your majesty!” answered Datuk Roger clearly.

Finally, Raja Dewa Sikaraba Daik knew their relative relationship that was kept secret for a long time. However, after remembering his merits to the Jambi kingdom, the King understood it. With heavyhearted, King Dewa Sikaraba Daik permitted Putri pinang Masak to go home to Indragiri together with his brother.

One day later, before those brother and sister left, Raja Dewa Sikaraba Daik handed over a Kingdom Poster announcing that forest in Jambi area was given to his descendants from Putri Pinang Masak.

After taking a long journey, Roger and Putri Pinang Masak arrived in Indragiri. They were happily welcomed by Siambul people. To show their happiness, people hold gawai ceremony or ceremonial meal. In that happy situation, Datuk Marudum Sakti said,” Our family is reunited now. This event should be a valuable learn for us to always look after and protect our relatives.”

In line with Kingdom Poster given by King Dewa Sikaraba Daik, today the descendants of Putri Pinang Masak become Kubu Tribe and Talang Mamak Tribe who live in Jambi forest. Up to now, those two tribes still can be found in hinterland of Jambi.

* * *

The folklore above is included to model story which contains moral values. There are two moral values that can be grabbed from that story, they are characteristic of liking to help and gratitude. Firstly, characteristic of liking to help is shown by Roger action that help Jambi to handle the Dutch. This characteristic can be properly used as model in our daily lives. For Malays, this characteristic is highly recommended. Characteristic of liking to help can improve social solidarity and bring about the true brotherhood among human being.

Secondly, characteristic of gratitude is shown by Raja Dewa Sikaraba Daik`s action who appointed Roger as “Datuk Dubalang Utama Roger” in the Jambi Kingdom. This characteristic is foremost in the live of Malayan people because it is a good and noble action. Because of that, in the lives of Malays, title “noble people” shows a noble and respectful behavior that is respected by their community. The superiority of gratitude in Malays` life often said in Tunjuk ajar Melayu, both in expression and in poet and pantun.  Malay expression says:

apa tanda Melayu jati,
membalasa budi sampailah mati

In a poet, it is said:

wahai ananda ibu bermadah
membalas budi janganlah lengah
budi termakan hutang tak susah
balas olehmu karena lillah

in a pantun, it is said:

malam hari pasang pelita
apinya marak menerangi halaman
orang berbudi membalas jasa
seumur hidup jadi kenangan

Leave a comment »

Ikuti

Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.